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I would very much refer you to previous blog entry Einstein's guide on the importance of maintaining a defensive guard before going any further with this instructional. The guard defense post describes how crucial it is to use framed limbs to create space and time to keep your guard passing opponent at bay. We had the extended leg with foot in the hip, the knee in, the hand framed, and the elbow frame all metaphorically described as weapons and for the purpose of this post we are going to take that information and turn it on its head.

To recap the info from the guard defense blog, more space between you and your opponent gives you more time. The longer the limb the more space and time you have to stay in the fight. Leg extended is numero uno to have against your opponentfor it's length, then knee, then framed arms, then lastly the elbows.

Below is the foot in hip, keeping the guard passer at bay with the most space and time available. For this blog entry, we are going to assume the position of guard passer to fundamentally deconstruct the act of using a defensive guard e.g. the guard player below wants the foot in the hip, so naturally as the passer we control it and take it away.

The theme we will adopt for this blog in guard passing is that you, the passer, are a chimp and the guard player is a tree, primarily because a chimp will not let go of a branch until it has securely grabbed another. Now think of this in a guard passing sense, do not move onto the next part of the pass until one part is secure. Higher belts will be able to circumvent your guard defense so do not think of this as a technique, more of a concept to make the strange familiar when you move into guard passing more and more. As above, the defense of the foot in hip is in the early stages of passer deflection, so we move onto the next branch to control of the knee. 

Notice above as our guard passing monkey STILL controls the foot as he begins to pass and control the knee, very important so that he doesn't fall out of the tree (or let his opponent reguard). 

So, what comes after we pass and control the knee?
The hip is not part of the previous guard defense post because they have to stay active, however, when you're on top and passing it is always a good idea to kill and control the hips. This ensures the legs of the opponent are behind you and that you can move onward with the guard no longer a threat. Notice above how the knee is STILL under control while hip-to-hip contact negates and monitors their movement. Onto the next branch, the arms.

 The arms and elbows are almost an entire blog post in themselves as the battle for position here has tactics and techniques that differ from person to person. I'll give you this though, it is always a good idea to fight for and maintain the underhook and move into the crossface as shown above. 

This post is purposefully designed to use this concept of creating space from Novice Knowledge 16 to negate the guard defense and use the concept to pass. This is much of the game that jiujitsu is, conflicting goals and the constant battle for the 1% that determines the fight. 

So in revision, if the opponent is a tree the branches are:
- Foot
- Knee
- Hip
- Arms & Elbows

Climb/Control/Deflect these structures one at a time and you'll see guard passing in a new light. Read over this blog 5, 10, or even 20 times if you have to but one things for sure, the sooner you start climbing the better you'll get.

- Jake Anderson


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